Facts and Figures
Diabetes in the United States
- Total: 25.8million people—8.3% percent of the population--have diabetes. Of those with diabetes, approximately 18.8 million are diagnosed while 7 million remain undiagnosed
- Type 1 Diabetes (Body cannot produce insulin): 5 percent of cases
- Type 2 Diabetes (Body fails to use insulin properly): 90-95 percent of cases
- Pre-diabetes: 79 million people
- Up to 18 percent of all pregnancies are affected by gestational diabetes
- Cases of diabetes doubled from 1990 to 2005
- From 2002-2005, the rate of new cases among youth under 10 years old was 19.7 per 100,000 each year for type 1 diabetes. Among youth aged 10 years or older, the rate was 8.5 per 100,000 for type 2 diabetes
- Only 27% of diabetes is undiagnosed, down from 30% in 2005, and from 50% ten years ago
- The total prevalence of diabetes increased 13.5% from 2005-2007
- About 1.9 million people 20 years or older were diagnosed in 2010
One out of every ten health care dollars is spent on diabetes and its complications. Furthermore, one out of every five health care dollars is spent caring for someone with diagnosed diabetes. In 2007 alone, an estimated $174 billion was spent on the direct (medical) and indirect (loss of productivity) costs of diabetes.
Race for a Cure
- Every 17 seconds, another individual is diagnosed with diabetes. Each day approximately 5,082 people are diagnosed with diabetes. About 1.9 million people will be diagnosed this year.
- In addition to those newly diagnosed, every 24 hours there are: 238 amputations in people with diabetes, 120 people who enter end-stage kidney disease programs, and 48 people who go blind.
- One in three Americans born in 2000 will develop diabetes in their lifetime if current trends continue. The odds are greater for minority children – nearly one in two will develop diabetes in the same timeframe.
- According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, diabetes contributed to the deaths of over 231,404 people in 2007.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, adult-onset blindness, lower limb amputations, significant cause of heart disease and stroke, high blood pressure and nerve damage.
- Diabetes was the 7th leading cause of death listed on U.S. death certificates in 2007
Medical Expenditures Attributed to Diabetes
- The cost of diabetes was estimated at $218 billion in 2007. This included $27 billion for care to directly treat diabetes, $58 billion to treat diabetes-related chronic complications, $31 billion in excess general medical costs, $18 billion for people with undiagnosed diabetes, $25 billion for adults with prediabetes, and $623 million for gestational diabetes.
- $58.3 billion was spent on inpatient hospital care and $9.9 billion on physician’s office visits directly attributed to diabetes.
- Diabetes-related hospitalizations totaled 24.3 million days in 2007, an increase of 7.4 million from the 16.9 million days in 2002. The average cost for a hospital inpatient day due to diabetes is $1,853 and $2,281 due to diabetes-related chronic complications, including neurological, peripheral vascular, cardiovascular, renal, metabolic, and ophthalmic complications.
- Average medical expenditures among people diagnosed with diabetes are 2.3 times higher than for those without diabetes
- Reduced national productivity has been estimated to account for $58 to $105 billion
- Type 1 diabetes is estimated to account for only a small portion of the economic burden imposed by diabetes whereas Type 2 accounts for nearly all of the expenditure
- 26.9% of Medicare beneficiaries age 65 and older (about 10.9 million Americans) have diabetes and they account for 32% of Medicare spending
Indirect Costs of Diabetes
- Estimated to be $58 billion in 2007.
- In 2007, diabetes accounted for 15 million work days absent, 120 million work days with reduced performance, 6 million reduced productivity days for those not in the workforce, with an additional 107 million work days lost due to unemployment disability attributed to diabetes.
- 445,000 cases of unemployment disability were caused by diabetes.
- The value of lost productivity due to premature death from diabetes is $26.9 billion. This does not include loss due to emotional burdens of survivors.
Data are from the American Diabetes Association.